The foundations for this proposal have been laid through the project ‘Widening Participation on the Road to Membership’ (2009–2011) funded by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), and realized by the AEC. It has covered WB countries (5 partner academies, 3 of which will participate in this project) forming a corner stone for further projects.

The international dimension stressed by universities development strategies is rarely fully accomplished due to the lack of support programs. In BA, international cooperation is necessary for the state accreditation of HE institutions (UNSA: Development strategy). However, there are no state/institutional funds for IC, and the budget for science and arts represents 0.08% of GDP (National science strategy in Federation of BA for 2011-2021). Tempus project would be the solution.